Women and Structural Transformation

This article summarizes the major themes of the various types of literature relevant to understanding women’s role in primary production and economic processes in developing countries. It briefly reviews the overall trends in production and employment in developing countries over the last 2 decades with a view to examining their significance for women’s participation. The article explores women’s distinguishing role as economic actors in traditional societies under quite different social and production-organization system.  The article explores women’s presumable distinct influence on production by examining the degree of substitution between their own labor in agricultural production and other activities, between labor and capital, and between male and female labor under different production, organizational, and social conditions in static and dynamic contexts.